Things no one told you about error handling in JS

Arnav Zek
2 min readJul 23, 2020

Why your error handling is not working?

Error won’t be caught if error is thrown inside a ‘then’ method of an async function, The try catch block executes before the async function is executed (yes! error handling in JS is synchronous), but the error is thrown at a latter point in time when that async function is executed

try{anAsyncFunction().then(//do something which can throw an error)}catch(e){}
//in this case error will not be caught because of the reason stated above
Codepen link:

Open inspect mode at Codepen, console will have an uncaught error


Use unhandled rejection event

window.addEventListener('unhandledrejection', function(event) {})


Use callbacks instead of async function


Use async error handling



Use multiple catch

let anAsyncFunction = async()=>{ return null}try{


throw 'shit happens'
document.body.innerHTML = e


document.innerHTML = e
Codepen link:

This time there will be no uncaught error

You don’t need to throw error object

Generally we desire to extract error message in catch block by this

try{throw Error('shit happens')
console.log(e.message) // it will console log "shit happens"

throw Error creates an error object that contains the line where this error originated, and the message but if you only desire to use error message you can instead throw only message.

yes! that is possible.

try{throw 'shit happens'
console.log(e) // it will console log "shit happens"
}similarly you can throw objects constants arrays any JS object

but you won’t be able to know the line error originated from